Our Research

Our Centre focuses on lab, field and space-based research

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Several saline lakes present in Ladakh’s high-altitude, rain-shadowed region are potential analogues to lakes that existed on early Mars (>3 Ga), formed by evaporation of briny surface lakes. Over 600 small (∼<25 km2) individual light-toned chloride deposits have been observed across the surface of Mars and appear to be associated with the fine-scale polygonal pattern, topographic lows and fluvial channels. They are relevant to planetary geomorphologists studying early Mars and have astrobiology significance in relation to the habitability of groups studying microbial life in briny environments and salt deposits. Our group is studying Tso Kar, Ladakh as an Early Mars Analogue and exploring in-situ analysis of samples, testing of hand-held/rover-based instruments for biosignature studies. We published an overview of Ladakh's astrobiology potential here

Our Centre and Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences (BSIP) Lucknow are involved in conducting a planetary analog study at Lonar Crater, a rare impact crater in basalt hosting a similar lake-delta system to the one in Jezero Crater, Mars. Our goal is to assess organic preservation potential in deltaic and lacustrine sediments and, to a lesser extent, in gullies inside and outside of the crater rim. Our scientific objectives include characterization of the habitability and preservation potential of three distinct crater terrains at Lonar: (1) a delta fan and lake shoreline in Lonar Crater, (2) inner crater gullies, and (3) gullies external to the crater, formed in the ejecta blanket. Our Centre is developing relevant concepts of operations (ConOps) and decision-making flow pathways relevant for future planetary mission activities by conducting science-driven field operations under imposed, Mars Mission-like constraints of duration and range.

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Our Centre is involved in studying the impact of reduced gravity on growth and health of high-yielding plant crops. We have designed and developed in partnership with Paras Defence and Space Technologies Limited the Amity Space Biology Experiment-1 (ASBE-1) which has been selected for flight as part of Satellize SpaceShare Package on ISRO PSLV C49 PS-4 platform. 

 

Publications

List of publications from team members: 

Dr Siddharth Pandey

Journal Publications (first author)

 

Pandey S et al (2019). Ladakh: diverse, high-altitude extreme environments for off-earth analogue and astrobiology research. International Journal of Astrobiology 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1473550419000119

 

Pandey, S., Tuttle, S., Young, J. “Impact of Step Profile on Natural Convective Heat Transfer within Vented Mars Rover Enclosures.” (under-process) AIAA Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer   

 

NASA Technical Reports

 

Pandey, S., Zacny K., Cervone, A., McKay, C. P. “Effect of swirl on sample collection efficiency for Pneumatic systems for Mars sample Return” NASA Ames Research Center

 

Pandey, S., Zacny, K. “High Temperature Sample Delivery Systems for Venus Surface Missions” NASA Venus Exploration Analysis Group Meeting Report, NASA Headquarters, October 2015.  

 

Pandey, S. “Designing a compact fruitfly observation module using a single camera within a 1.5U CubeSat module” NASA Ames Research Center

 

NASA Patent   

 

Bhattacharya, S., Lusby, T., Angadi, C., Pandey, S. 2018. Conducting Autonomous Experiments in Space. U.S. Patent No. 9,998,639 B1, filed September 16, 2016 and issued June 12, 2018.

 

Conference Proceedings

 

Pandey, S., Tuttle, S., Young, J. “Tackling Convective Heat Losses within Mars Surface Mission Systems.” 68th   International Astronautical Congress, Sep 25-29, 2017, Adelaide, Australia.

Pandey, S., Clarke, J., Beattie, A., Phelps, A." Spaceward Bound India 2016: Education and Outreach Efforts as part of an Astrobiology Expedition in the Himalayas." 68th International Astronautical Congress, Sep 25-29, 2017, Adelaide, Australia.

Pandey, S., Tuttle, S., Young, J. “Designing an Experiment to Improve the Understanding of Thermal Convection to aid Gas Gap Design of Mars Rovers.” 16th Australian Space Research Conference, Sep 26-28, 2016, Melbourne, Australia.

Pandey, S., Zacny, K. “Hydrodynamic Design of a Pneumatic Sample Acquisition System for Venus Surface” International Astronautics Congress 2015, Oct 5-18, 2015, Jerusalem, Israel.

Pandey, S., Zacny, K., McKay, C. “Alternative Uses of Residual Thruster Propellant towards Sample Acquisition” National Propulsion Conference Feb 23-24, 2015, IIT Bombay, India.

Pandey, S., Cervone, A., Zacny, K., McKay, C.  “Sample Acquisition System Using Gas Injection for a Mars Lander Mission” International Astronautics Congress 2014, Sep 29- Oct 4, 2014, Orlando, Canada.

Pandey, S., Zacny, K., McKay, C., Cervone, A., Dave, A., “Investigating Fluidized Granular Flow Behavior in Extraterrestrial Environments for a Pneumatic Regolith Acquisition System” AIAA Space 2014, Aug 4-8, 2014, San Diego, CA USA.

Pandey, S., Clarke, J., Bonaccorsi, R., Blank, J.G., Mogul, R., Sharma, M. "Spaceward Bound India 2016: An Overview of the first Astrobiology Expedition to the roof of the world." Astrobiology Science Conference (2017) LPI Contrib No. 1965

Bonaccorsi, R., Pandey, S., et al. "Spaceward Bound's 11-year history: To Extreme Environments on Earth and Beyond." Astrobiology Science Conference (2017) LPI Contrib No. 1965

Pandey, S., Clarke, J., Sharma, M., Som, S. "Spaceward Bound India 2016: Education and Outreach Activities on the first International Astrobiology Expedition to the Himalayas." Astrobiology Science Conference (2017) LPI Contrib No. 1965

Pandey, S., Clarke, J., Sharma, M., Som, S. "Spaceward Bound India 2016: Presenting Ladakh as an analog region for astrobiology research and human exploration of Moon and Mars." Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2017)

Pandey, S., Zacny, K. "Impeller Flow Characterization for a High Temperature Venus Drill and Sample Delivery System." Astrobiology Science Conference 2017 Venus Science Priorities for Laboratory Measurements and Instrument Definition Workshop held April 7-8, 2015 in Hampton, Virginia. LPI Contribution No. 1838, p.4002

Dr Jonathan Clarke

Clarke, J., Knightly, P., And Rupert, S. 2019. Meltwater Formed Dark Streaks On Slopes Of Haughton Crater As Possible Mars Analogues. International Journal Of Astrobiology 1–9. Doi.Org/10.1017/S1473550418000526

P. De Caritat, E. N. Bastrakov, S. Jaireth, P. M. English, J. D. A. Clarke, T. P. Mernagh, A. S. Wygralak, H. E. Dulfer And J. Trafford 2019. Groundwater Geochemistry, Hydrogeology And Potash Mineral Potential Of The Lake Woods Region, Northern Territory, Australia.  Australian Journal Of Earth Sciences Doi.Org/10.1080/08120099.2018.1543208.

Clarke, J.D.A., Murakami, Y., And Rupert, S. R. 2018 Personal Scheduling And Eva Operations During Three Months Of Analogue Mars Operations.  Proceedings Of The 19th Australian Space Research Conference, P127-144.

Hobbs, S. W., Paull, P. J., And Clarke, J. D. A. 2017d. Testing The Water Hypothesis: Quantitative Morphological Analysis Of Terrestrial And Martian Mid-Latitude Gullies. Geomorphology 295, 705–721.

Hobbs, S.W., Paull, D.J. And Clarke, J.D.A. 2017c. Testing Ground-Based Robotics As Remote-Sensing Platforms For Structure From Motion – Implications For Planetary Science. International Journal Of Remote Sensing Https://Doi.Org/10.1080/01431161.2017.1395975

Hobbs, S.W., Paull, D.J. And Clarke, J.D.A. 2017b.  Marsobot: Design And Performance Characterization Of A Low-Cost, Ground-Based Multispectral Camera On An Open Source Rover, International Journal Of Remote Sensing, 38:12, 3635–3655.

Hobbs, S.W., Paull, D.J. And Clarke, J.D.A. 2017a.  Marsobot: Design And Performance Characterization Of A Low-Cost, Ground-Based Multispectral Camera On An Open Source Rover, International Journal Of Remote Sensing, 38:12, 3635–3655

Clarke, J. D. A., Willson, D., Smith, H., Hobbs, S. W., And Jones, E. 2017. Southern Meridiani Planum - A Candidate Landing Site For The First Crewed Mission To Mars. Acta Astronautica 33: 195-220.

Clarke, J. D. A.,Clarke, A.M., Hobbs, G., Hobbs, S., Mcguirk, R., Mcguirk, S., Waldie, J., And Wheeler, A. 2016. Evaluation Of The Performance Of Field Science In An Analogue Eva Suit Ii. Proceedings Of The 16th Australian Space Research Conference 2016, 115-126.

Hobbs, S.W., Paull, D.J., Clarke, J.D.A., 2016. Analysis Of Multiple Processes In Martian Gullies. Proceedings Of The 15th Australian Space Research Conference, Canberra, Australia.

Hobbs, S.W., Clarke, J.D.A., Coleman-Jennings, C., Pandey, S., And Willson, D., 2016.  A4 Rover Proposal: A Small Planetary Science Rover For Geologic And Astrobiology Investigations For Mars Surface Exploration. Proceedings Of The 15th Australian Space Research Conference, Canberra, Australia.

Hobbs, S.W., Clarke, J.D.A., And Campbell, K.A., 2016. Astrobiology With Mars’obot: Identifying Microbial Life Forms Using Ground-Based Remote Sensing. Proceedings Of The 15th Australian Space Research Conference, Canberra, Australia.

Hobbs, S. W., Clarke, J. D. A., And Paull, D. J. 2016. Analysis Of Crater Valleys, Noachis Terra, Mars: Evidence Of Fluvial And Glacial Processes.  Geomorphology 261, 244-272.

Hobbs, S.W., Paull, Clarke, J.D.A., And Roach, I. C. 2016.  Multi-Agent Gully Processes: Evidence From The Monaro Volcanic Province, Australia And Noachis Terra, Mars.  Geomorphology 257: 23-46.

Mernagh T. P., Bastrakov, E. N., Jaireth, S., De Caritat, P., English, P.M., And Clarke, J.D. A. 2016. A Review Of Australian Salt Lakes And Associated Mineral Systems. Australian Journal Of Earth Sciences 63(2): 131-157.

Clarke, J. D. A, Cooper, M., George, S., Hobbs, S., Houlahan, S., Murphy, G. M., Silburn, K., Sprigg, D., Sprigg, M., And Waldie, J. 2015. Evaluating The Performance Of Field Science In An Analogue Eva Suit: Stromatolite Identification By Geologists And Non-Geologists. Proceedings Of The 15th Australian Space Research Conference 2015, 159-172.

Hobbs, S.W., Paull, And Clarke, J.D.A.  2015. Analysis Of Regional Gullies Within Noachis Terra, Mars: A Complex Relationship Between Slope, Surface Material And Aspect.  Icarus 250: 308-331.

Mann, G., Small, N., Lee, K., Clarke, J. And Sheh, R. 2015. Field-Testing Astronaut Assistance Robots In Australian Outback [From The Field].  Ieee Robotics & Automation Magazine 22(3): 188-191.

Mann, G., Small, N., Lee, K., Clarke, J. And Sheh, R. 2015. Standardized Field Testing Of Assistant Robots In A Mars-Like Environment. In C. Dixon And K. Tuyls (Eds.): Toward Autonomous Robotic Systems, Lnai 9287, Pp. 167–179, Springer International Publishing Doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-22416-9 20.

Clarke, J. D. A., Held, J., Dahl, A., Wheaton, N., And The Arkaroola Mars Robot Challenge Expeditioners. 2014. Field Robotics, Astrobiology And Mars Analogue Research On The Arkaroola Mars Robot Challenge Expedition.  Proceedings Of The 14th Australian Space Research Conference Sept 29-Oct 1st 2014, 237 -250.

Jones, E., Caprarelli, G., Mills, F., Doran, B., And Clarke, J. 2014. An Alternative Approach To Mapping Thermophysical Units From Martian Thermal Inertia And Albedo Data Using A Combination Of Unsupervised Classification Techniques.  Remote Sensing 6, 5184-5237.

Hobbs, S.W., Paull, & Clarke, J.D.A.  2014. A Hydrological Analysis Of Terrestrial And Martian Gullies: Implications For Liquid Water On Mars. Geomorphology 226, 261–277.

Hobbs, S.W., Paull, & Clarke, J.D.A.  2014. A Comparison Of Semiarid And Subhumid Terrestrial Gullies With Gullies On Mars: Implications For Martian Gully Erosion. Geomorphology 204, 344–365.

Hatch, M. A., Heinson, G., Munday, T. J., Thiel, S, Lawrie, K., Mill, P., And Clarke, J. D. A. 2013. The Importance Of Including Conductivity And Dielectric Permittivity Information When Processing Low-Frequency Gpr And High-Frequency Emi Data Sets.  Journal Of Applied Geophysics 96: 77-86.

Hobbs, S.W., Paull, & Clarke, J.D.A.  2013. The Influence Of Slope Morphology On Gullies: Terrestrial Gullies In Lake George As Analogues For Mars. Planetary And Space Science 81, 1-17.

Clarke, J. D. A. And Stoker, C. R. 2013.  Searching For Stromatolites: The 3.4 Ga Strelley Pool Formation (Pilbara Region, Western Australia) As A Mars Analogue.  Icarus 224: 413-423.

Thomas, M., Clarke, J. D. A., Gostin, V. A., And Williams, G. E. 2012. The Flinders Ranges And Surrounds, South Australia: A Window Into Astrobiology And Planetary Geology.  Episodes 35(1): 226-235

Keppel, M. N., Post, V. E. A., Love, A. J., Clarke, J. D. A., And Werner, A. D. 2012. Influences On The Carbonate Hydrochemistry Of Mound Spring Environments, Lake Eyre South Region, South Australia. Chemical Geology 296-297: 50-65.

Clarke, J. D. A. And Bourke, M. C. 2011. Travertine And Tufa From Dalhousie Springs (Australia) -Implications For Recognizing Martian Springs. In Garry, W. B. And Bleacher, J. E. (Eds.) Analogs For Planetary Exploration. Geological Society Of America Special Paper 483, 231-247.

Jones, E. G., Lineweaver, C. H. And Clarke, J. D. A. 2011. An Extensive Phase Space For The Potential Martian Biosphere.  Astrobiology Journal 11(10): 1017-1033.

Hobbs, S. W., Pain, C. F., And Clarke, J. D. A. 2011. Slope Morphology Of Hills At The Mars Pathfinder Landing Site.  Icarus 214, 258-264.

Clarke, J. D. A. And Stoker, C. R. 2011. Concretions In Inverted And Exhumed Channels Near Hanksville Utah: Implications For Mars. International Journal Of Astrobiology 10(3), 161-175

Stoker, C. R., Clarke, J. D. A., Direito, S. O. L., Martin, K., Zavaleta, J., Blake, D And Foing, B. H. 2011. Chemical, Mineralogical, Organic And Microbial Properties Of Subsurface Soil Cores From The Mars Desert Research Station Utah: Analog Science For Human Missions On Mars. International Journal Of Astrobiology 10(3), 269-289.

Foing, B. H., Stoker, C. R. Zavaleta, J., Ehrenfreund , P., Sarrazin,  P.,  Blake, D., Page, J., Pletser, W., Hendrikse, J., Direito, S., Kotler, M., Martins, Z., Orzechowska, G., Thiel, C., Clarke, J. D. A., Gross, C., Wendt, L., Borst, A., Peters, S., Rodriguez, L., Davies, G. And Ilewg Eurogeomars 2009 Support Team.  2011. Field Astrobiology Research Instruments And Methods In Moon-Mars Analogue Site.  International Journal Of Astrobiology 10(3), 141 – 160

Clarke, J. D. A. 2011. Extraterrestrial Arid Surface Processes.  In Thomas, D. (Ed.) Arid Zone Geomorphology: Process, Form And Change In Drylands (Chapter 5). Wiley, 3rd Edition.

Keppel, M. N., Clarke, J. D. A., Halihan, T., Love, A. J., And Werner, A. D. 2011. Mound Springs In The Arid Lake Eyre South Region Of South Australia: A New Depositional Tufa Model And Its Controls. Sedimentary Geology 240, 55–70.

Pain, C. F., Clarke, J. D. A., And Wong, V. N. L.  2011. Applied Geomorphic Mapping For Land Management In The River Murray Corridor, Se Australia.  In Smith, M. J., Paron, P., And Griffiths, J. S. (Eds.) Geomorphological Mapping: Methods And Applications. Developments In Earth Surface Processes 15, P.489-506, Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Jones, E., Mills, F., Doran, B., Caprarelli, G., And Clarke, J. 2011. Initial Results From A Gis-Based Unsupervised Classification Study Of The Martian Surface.  Proceedings Of The Australian Space Science Conference, 2010.

Clarke, J. D. A., Willson, D., And Cooper, D.  2010.   In-Situ Resource Utilisation Through Water Extraction From Hydrated Minerals – Relevance To Mars Missions And An Australian Analogue.  Proceedings Of The 6th Australians Mars Exploration Conference.  Mars Society Australia. Http://Old.Marssociety.Org.Au/Library/Coober_Pedy_Isru_Amec.Pdf

West, M. D., Clarke, D. A., Thomas, M., Pain, C. F., And Walter, M. R.  2010. The Geology Of Australian Mars Analogue Sites. Planetary And Space Science 58(4): 447-458

West, M. D., Clarke, J. D. A., Laing, J. H., Willson, D., Waldie, J. M. A., Murphy, G. M., Thomas, M., And Mann G. A. 2010. Testing Technologies And Strategies For Exploration In Australian Mars Analogues: A Review.  Planetary And Space 58(4): 658-670

West, M. D., Clarke, J. D. A. 2010.  Potential Martian Mineral Resources: Mechanisms And Terrestrial Analogues. Planetary And Space Science 58(4): 574-582

Jaireth, S., Clarke, J., And Cross, A. 2010. Issue 97   Mar 2010.  Exploring For Sandstone-Hosted Uranium Deposits. Ausgeo News 97: 1-5.

Clarke, J. D. A., Gibson, D. And Apps, H. 2010. The Use Of Lidar In Applied Interpretive Landform Mapping For Natural Resource Mapping, Murray River Alluvial Plain, Australia.  International Journal Of Remote Sensing 32(23): 6275-6296.

Clarke, J. D. A. 2009. Palaeovalley, Palaeodrainage, And Palaeochannel – What’s The Difference And Why Does It Matter?  Transactions Of The Royal Society Of South Australia 133,(1) 57-61.

Hatch, M., Clarke, J., Lawrie, K., And Mill, P.2009. Improvements In Mapping Of Floodplain Dynamics By Integrating Drilling Information With Airborne Em, Ground Penetrating Radar And Ground Based, High Resolution Em.  Proceedings Of Aseg 2009, Adelaide.

Kernich, A. L., Pain, C. F., Clarke, J. D. A., And Fitzpatrick, A.  2009. Geomorphology Of A Dryland Depositional System: The Lower Balonne River, Southern Queensland, Australia.  Australian Journal Of Earth Sciences 56, S139-153.

Pain, C. F. And Clarke, J. D. A. 2009 (Eds.) Australian Cenozoic Continental Sediments (Thematic Issue).  Australian Journal Of Earth Sciences Supplement To Volume 56.

Clarke, J. D. A. 2008.  Chapter 13 – Extraterrestrial Regolith.  In Scott, K. A. And Pain, C. P. (Eds.) Regolith Textbook.  Csiro Publishing, Perth, Pp. 377-407.

George, R., Clarke, J., And English, P.  2008. Modern And Palaeogeographic Trends In The Salinisation Of The Western Australian Wheatbelt: A Review.  Australian Journal Of Soil Research 46: 751-767.

Clarke. J. D. A.  2008.  Carbonates: Cool-Water. In Gornitz, V. (Ed.).  Encyclopaedia Of Paleoclimatology And Ancient Environments.  Springer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Pp. 138-143.

Clarke, J. D. A., Mann, G., & Willson, D. 2008. Crewed Vehicles For Mars Exploration – Towards A Set Of Requirements. Proceedings Of The 8th Australian Mars Exploration Conference.  Mars Society Australia.

Clarke, J. D. A. 2008. Planetary Science: A Glimpse Of Martian Plumbing. Nature Geoscience 1, 151 - 152 Doi: 10.1038/Ngeo146

Pain, C. F., Clarke, J. D. A., And Thomas, M. 2007. Inversion Of Relief On Mars.  Icarus 190: 478-491.

Pain, C. F., Clarke, J. D. A., And Thomas, M. 2007. Inversion Of Relief As A Geomorphic Process On Mars And Its Relevance To Landing Site Selection. Proceedings Of The 7th Australians Mars Exploration Conference.  Mars Society Australia.

Clarke, J. D. A., Bourke, M., Nelson, P., Manga, M., And Fonseca, J. 2007. The Dalhousie Mound Spring Complex As A Guide To Martian Landforms, Processes, And Exploration. In Mann, G. (Ed.) Proceedings Of The 7th Australians Mars Exploration Conference.  Mars Society Australia.

Willson, D. And Clarke, J.  2007. A Practical Architecture For Exploration-Focused Manned Mars Missions Using Chemical Propulsion, Solar Power Generation And In-Situ Resource Utilisation.  Proceedings Of The 6th Australian Space Science Conference.

Clarke, J., Lawrie, K., Fitzpatrick, A., Apps, H., Lowis, W., Hatch, M., Price, A., Wilkes, P., And Dore, D.  2007.  Application Of Geophysical Methods To Improve Knowledge Of Groundwater Flow And Leakage From Water Supply Infrastructure In The Ord And Burdekin Irrigation Areas.  In Wilkes, P. (Ed.) Geophysics For Irrigators. (Book Chapter), Csiro Publishing.

Clarke, J., Lawrie, K. C., Fitzpatrick, A., Apps, A., And Lowis, W. 2006. New Insights Into Aquifer Systems In The Burdekin Irrigation Area. Proceedings Of The Ancid Conference, October 2006, Darwin.

Lawrie, K. C., Clarke, J., Hatch, M., Price, A., And Wilkes, P.  2006. Improving Hydrogeological Models Of Aquifer Systems In The Ord Irrigation Area: Assessing The Potential Of Geophysics And Other Geoscience Methods. Proceedings Of The Ancid Conference, October 2006, Darwin.

Clarke, J. D. A. 2006. Antiquity Of Aridity In The Atacama Desert: Implications For Supergene Mineralisation.  Geomorphology. 73(1-2), 101-114.

Clarke, J. D. A. And Willson, D.  2006. Exploration Radii At The Arkaroola Mars-Oz Site: Implications For Mars.  In Clarke, J. D. A. (Ed.).  Mars Analog Research.  American Astronautical Society Science And Technology Series 111,129-146.

Heldmann, J., Brown, A., Clarke, J. D. A., Martinez, E., Rupert, S., And Thomas, M. 2006. Follow The Water: Applying A Mars Exploration Strategy To The Arkaroola Analog Region, South Australia. In Clarke, J. D. A. (Ed.).  Mars Analog Research.  American Astronautical Society Science And Technology Series 111, 71-92.

Battler, M. M., Clarke, J. D. A., And Coniglio, M. 2006. Possible Analog Sedimentary And Diagenetic Features For Meridiani Planum Sediments Near Hanksville, Utah: Implications For Martian Field Studies In Clarke, J. D. A. (Ed.).  Mars Analog Research.  American Astronautical Society Science And Technology Series 111, 55-70.

Clarke, J. D. A.  Persaud, R., Rupert, S., And The Expedition Two Crew. 2006. A Multi-Goal Mars Analogue Expedition (Expedition Two) To The Arkaroola Region, Australia.  In Clarke, J. D. A. (Ed.).  Mars Analog Research.  American Astronautical Society Science And Technology Series 111, 3-16.

Clarke, J. D. A. 2006 (Ed.).  Mars Analog Research.  American Astronautical Society Science And Technology Series Vol. 111, 343p.

Parkinson, R., Cockell, C. S., And Clarke, J. D. A. 2006. In-Situ Resource Use (Isru) At Pole Station.  In Cockell, C. S. (Ed.). Project Boreas: A Station For The Martian Geographic North Pole.  British Interplanetary Society, 192p.

Willson, D., Clarke, J. D. A., And Murphy, G. M.  2005. Mars-Oz: A Design For A Simulated Mars Base In The Australian Outback. Journal Of The British Interplanetary Society 58: 292-293.

Willson, D. And Clarke, J. D. A. 2005. Marsoz: A Proposed Mars Base Design Adopting A Horizontally Landed Bent Biconic Vehicle. Journal Of The British Interplanetary Society 58: 181-196.

Thomas, M., Clarke, J. D. A. And Pain, C. F.  2005. Weathering, Erosion And Landscape Processes On Mars Identified From Recent Rover Imagery, And Possible Earth Analogues.  Australian Journal Of Earth Sciences 52(3): 365-378.

Laing, J. H., Clarke, J., Deckert, J., Gostin, V., Hoogland, J., Lemke, L., Leyden, J., Mann, G., Murphy, G., Stoker, C., Thomas, M., Waldie, J., Walter, M., And West, M. 2004. Using An Australian Mars Analogue Research Facility For Astrobiology Education And Outreach. In  Norris R., Oliver, C., And Stootman, F. (Eds.) Proceedings Of The 213th Symposium Of The International Astronomical Union Held At Hamilton Island, Great Barrier Reef, Australia, 8-12 July 2002 2002, Iau Symposium 213, Astronomical Society Of The Pacific, 2004

Clarke, J. D. A. 2004.  Mars-Oz: A Technical Description. Proceedings Of The Second Australian Mars Exploration Conference, University Of Sydney, 2002. Mars Society Australia.

Clarke, J. D. A. 2004.  Mars Lander Designs: A Background To Mars-Oz. Proceedings Of The Second Australian Mars Exploration Conference, University Of Sydney, 2002. Mars Society Australia.

Clarke, J. D. A. And Mann, G.  2004.  Jarntimarra-1: Selecting An Australian Mars Analogue Research Site.  Proceedings Of The Second Australian Mars Exploration Conference, University Of Sydney, 2002. Mars Society Australia.

Clarke, J. D. A. And Pain, C. F.  2004.  From Utah To Mars: Regolith-Landform Mapping And Its Application.  In Cockell, C. C. (Ed.) Mars Expedition Planning.  American Astronautical Society Science And Technology Series, 107: 131-160.

Mann, G. W., Wood, N. B., Clarke, J. D. A. Piechocinski, S., Bamsey, M., And Laing, J.  2004. Comparative Fields Tests Of Pressured Rover Prototypes.  In Cockell, C. C. (Ed.) Mars Expedition Planning.  American Astronautical Society Science And Technology Series, 107: 313-326.

Piechocinski, S., Cellucci, E., Clarke, J. D. A. Laing, J., Orlotti, B.,  Persaud, R., Solignac, A. And Wood, N. B.  2004.  Potential Capabilities And Uses Of An Integrated Data Logging Device During A Human Mars Exploration Mission. In Cockell, C. C. (Ed.) Mars Expedition Planning. American Astronautical Society Science And Technology Series, 107:  273 - 286

Wood, N. B. And Clarke, J. D. A. 2004. Strategies For Investigating Martian Microenvironments For Evidence Of Life: The Expedition One Experience.  In Cockell, C. C. (Ed.) Mars Expedition Planning.  American Astronautical Society Science And Technology Series, 107: 89-102.

Persaud, R., Rupert-Robles, S., Clarke, J. D. A., Dawson, S., Mann, G., Waldie, J., Piechocinski, S. And Roesch, J.  2004. Expedition One: A Mars Analog Research Station Thirty-Day Mission.  In  Cockell, C. C. (Ed.) Mars Expedition Planning.  American Astronautical Society Science And Technology Series, 107: 53-88.

Dr Jennifer Blank

Ahrens, M.J., J.G. Blank, and R.E. Winans (in press) A Reversed-Phase High Performance Liquid Chromatography/
Atmospheric-Pressure Chemical Ionization-Mass Spectrometry Method for Analyzing Free Amino
Acids, Journal of Applied Spectroscopy.
Pandey, S., et al. (2019) Ladakh: Diverse, high-altitude extreme environments for off-earth analogue and
astrobiology research. International Journal of Astrobiology, 1-21. doi:10.1017/S1473550419000119
Stamenkovic, V., et al. (2019) The next frontier for planetary and human exploration, Nature Astronomy 3:116-120.
Blank, J.G., et al. (2018) Planetary Caves as Astrobiology Targets, White paper submitted to the Committee on an
Astrobiology Science Strategy for the Search for Life in the Universe (5p.).
Cockell, C.S., et al. (2018) Subsurface scientific exploration of extraterrestrial environments (MINAR 5): analogue
science, technology and education in the Boulby Mine, UK, International Journal of Astrobiology, 1-26.
doi:10.1017/S1473550418000186.
Stamenkovic, V., J. Barross, D. Beaty, L. Beagle, M.S. Bell, J.G. Blank, D. Breuer, et al. (2018) Mars subsurface access:
From sounding to drilling, White paper submitted to the Committee on an Astrobiology Science Strategy for the
Search for Life in the Universe (5p.).
Weinstein-Weiss, S., et al. (2018) A science-driven mission concept to an exoplanet, Journal of the British
Interplanetary Society 71:140-150.
Yung, Y.L., et al. (2018) Methane on Mars and habitability: Challenges and responses, Astrobiology 18:1221-1242.
Nachon, M., et al. (2016) Chemistry of diagenetic features analyzed by ChemCam at Pahrump Hills, Gale crater, Mars,
Icarus, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2016.08.026.
Yingst., R.A., et al. (2016) Characteristics of pebble and cobble-sized clasts along the Curiosity rover traverse from
sol 100 to 750: Terrain types, potential sources, and transport mechanisms, Icarus 280:720-92.
Cousin, A., et al. (2015) Compositions of coarse and fine particles in martian soils at Gale: A window into the
production of soils, Icarus 249:22-42.
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